Published on 28/04/2011
All health professionals participate in health surveillance.
This mission cannot be carried out by any single participant: it requires partners, organised together to collect, validate, and analyse morbidity and mortality data, according to the issues, and to conduct quantitative risk assessments if needed. InVS mobilises, coordinates and supports the different public health teams working together to establish a national public health network.
- National networks
InVS relies on national networks that participate in the surveillance of population health status: national reference centres, morbidity registers, networks for nosocomial infection control, and health care professionals, both in private practice or in hospitals (mandatory reporting of some diseases).
It uses a variety of surveillance systems and healthcare networks: hospital departments (emergency services, specialised services), hospital or private laboratories (gonococcal, bacterial and meningococcal invasive infection surveillance networks…), general practitioners (Sentinelles network), occupational physicians for the specific topic of occupational health, etc.
InVS coordinates its activities with establishments whose function in part involves providing public health and surveillance data: the National Health Insurance Fund for salaried workers (Caisse nationale d’assurance maladie des travailleurs salariés) and national health insurance offices (caisses d’assurance maladie), the National Institute of Health and Medical Research (Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale), the Ministry of Health’s department of research, studies, surveys, and statistics (Direction de la recherche, des études, de l’évaluation et des statistiques), and others.
It also coordinates its activities with the various French agencies for health surveillance and safety: the French Food Safety Agency (Agence française de sécurité sanitaire des aliments), the French Agency for the Security of Health Products (Agence française de sécurité sanitaire des produits de santé), the French Environment and Occupational Safety Agency (Agence française de sécurité sanitaire de l’environnement et du travail), the National Health Authority (Haute autorité de santé), the Institute of Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety (Institut de radioprotection et de sûreté nucléaire), the French Blood Agency (Établissement français du sang), the French Biomedicine Agency (Agence de la biomédecine) and the National Institute for Prevention and Health Education (Institut national de prévention et d’éducation pour la santé).
- European and international networks
InVS works in close collaboration with the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) in developing surveillance and control of infectious and environmental diseases in Europe, including surveillance of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, listeriosis, and health effects of air pollution. It also participates in programmes coordinated by other Member States. InVS is part of the Early Warning and Response System, that links health ministries and surveillance organisations in European Union member states. This alert system, based upon a secured data exchange network between member states, enables the rapid exchange of epidemiological information about risks related to communicable diseases likely to concern various members, as well as the early identification of emerging infectious threats in Europe.
InVS participates in three global health surveillance networks: the World Health Organisation (WHO) office in Lyons, the Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network, and the WHO Regional Office for Europe. Together with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, InVS can also provide technical support to third countries